the conditions that affect the behaviour and development of somebody/something; the physical conditions that somebody/ something exists in:
a pleasant working/learning environment; An unhappy home environment can affect a child’s behaviour; They have created an environment in which productivity should flourish; the political environment; tests carried out in a controlled environment.
These are all words for the type of place in which somebody/something exists or is situated.
environment the conditions in a place that affect the behaviour and development of somebody/something: An unhappy home environment can affect children’s behaviour; a pleasant working environment setting a place or situation or a particular type, in which something happens or exists: The island provided an idyllic setting for the concert. surroundings everything that is around or near somebody/something: The huts blend in perfectly with their surroundings. background the things or area that are/is behind or around the main objects or people that are in a place or picture: The mountains in the background were capped with snow. backdrop (formal) the scenery surrounding an event; the things or area behind the main objects in a place: The events took place against the dramatic backdrop of the Atlas mountains. situation (rather formal) the type of area or surroundings that a town or building has: The town is in a beautiful situation in a wide green valley.
PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS • in (a/an) environment/setting/surroundings/situation • against a/the background/backdrop (of something) • a (good, et cetera) environment/setting/situation for something • (a/an) new/unfamiliar environment/setting/ surroundings • somebody/something’s immediate environment/setting/surroundings • (a) dramatic setting/surroundings/background/ backdrop