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environment

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ID: 7060
Означающее: environment      Добавить в блокнот
Означаемое:
Язык: Английский
Источник:Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English. A S Hornby. Seventh edition. Oxford University Press. 2005.
Структурная оппозиция: Семантика
Лексико-семантическое поле: Лингвистика
 

environment

noun

1 [countable, uncountable]

the conditions that affect the behaviour and development of somebody/something; the physical conditions that somebody/ something exists in:

a pleasant working/learning environment;
An unhappy home environment can affect a child’s behaviour;
They have created an environment in which productivity should flourish; the political environment; tests carried out in a controlled environment
.


SYNONYMS
environment
setting • surroundings • background • backdrop • situation

These are all words for the type of place in which somebody/something exists or is situated.

environment the conditions in a place that affect the behaviour and development of somebody/something: An unhappy home environment can affect children’s behaviour; a
pleasant working environment
setting a place or situation or a particular type, in which something happens or exists: The island provided an idyllic setting for the concert.
surroundings everything that is around or near somebody/something: The huts blend in perfectly with their surroundings.
background the things or area that are/is behind or around the main objects or people that are in a place or picture: The mountains in the background were capped with snow.
backdrop (formal) the scenery surrounding an event; the things or area behind the main objects in a place: The events took place against the dramatic backdrop of the Atlas mountains.
situation (rather formal) the type of area or surroundings that a town or building has: The town is in a beautiful situation in a wide green valley.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS
in (a/an) environment/setting/surroundings/situation
against a/the background/backdrop (of something)
• a (good, et cetera) environment/setting/situation for something
• (a/an) new/unfamiliar environment/setting/ surroundings
• somebody/something’s immediate environment/setting/surroundings
• (a) dramatic setting/surroundings/background/ backdrop

OALD.environment.d.gif
Гнездо семантики:
7060 environment
Семантические связи гнезда:
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Семантические связи ID:
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