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ID: 6559
Означающее: awful      Добавить в блокнот
Означаемое:
Язык: Английский
Источник:Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English. A S Hornby. Seventh edition. Oxford University Press. 2005.
Структурная оппозиция: Семантика
Лексико-семантическое поле: Лингвистика
 

awful

adjective, adverb

adjective

1 (informal)

very bad or unpleasant:

That’s an awful colour; ‘They didn’t even offer to pay.’ ‘Oh that's awful.’; It's awful, isn’t it?; The weather last summer was awful; I feel awful about forgetting her birthday;
to look/feel awful
(= to look/feel ill);
There's an awful smell in here; The awful thing is, it was my fault.


SYNONYMS
terrible
awful • horrible • dreadful • vile • foul

These words all describe something that is very unpleasant.

terrible very bad or unpleasant; making you feel unhappy, frightened, upset, ill, guilty or disapproving: What terrible news!; That's a terrible thing to say!
awful (rather informal) very bad or unpleasant; used to describe something that you do not like or that makes you feel depressed, ill, guilty or disapproving: That's an awful colour; The weather last summer was awful.
horrible (rather informal) very unpleasant; used to describe something that you do not like: The coffee tasted horrible.
dreadful (rather informal, especially British English) very bad or unpleasant; used to describe something that you do not like or that you disapprove of: What dreadful weather!
vile (informal) extremely bad or unpleasant: There was a vile smell coming from the room; He was in a vile mood.
foul (informal especially British English) extremely bad or unpleasant: This tastes foul.

VILE OR FOUL?
Both these words can be used in informal language to describe the weather, things that affect the senses, and people being in a bad mood. Foul is used to describe things that are dirty, smell bad, and may carry disease.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS
• terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful for somebody
• to be/sound terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful/vile/foul
• to look/smell/taste terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful/vile/foul
• a(n) terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful/vile/foul thing
• a(n) terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful/vile/foul smell/ taste/mood
• terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful/vile/foul weather/ conditions
• terrible/awful/horrible/dreadful news
really/absolutely/pretty/rather terrible/awful/ horrible/dreadful/vile/foul

OALD.awful.d.gif
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6559 awful
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